Nuclear geometry: from potassium to titanium
Nuclear geometry has been developed by analogy with the fullerene geometry. On the basis of this geometric approach, it was possible to design the structure of potassium, calcium, scandium, and titanium isomers as well as their isotopes, which can be obtained by means of nuclear synthesis. The nuclei can be classed into two groups: basic nuclei having equal numbers of protons and neutrons and isotopes having one, two, and more neutrons. The latter ensure their mechanical stability with respect to shear stresses, sending their electron to the coat of mail created by the basic nuclei.