Cluster control of complex cyber-physical systems
To our minds, the real world appears as a composition of different interacting entitites, which demonstrate complex behavior. In the current paper, we primarly aim to study such networked systems by developing corresponding approaches to modeling them, given a class of tasks. We derive it from the primary concept of information and a system, with corresponding dynamics emerging from interactions between system components. As we progress through the study, we discover three possible levels of certain synchronous pattern composition in complex systems: microscopic (the level of elementary components), mesoscopic (the level of clusters), and macroscopic (the level of the whole system). Above all, we focus on the clusterization phenomenon, which allows to reduce system complexity by regarding only a small number of stable manifolds, corresponding to cluster synchronization of system component states—as opposed to regarding the system as a whole or each elementary component separately. Eventually, we demonstrate how an optimization problem for cluster control synthesis can be formulated for a simple discrete linear system with clusterization.