Load frequency control in three-area single unit power system considering non-linearities effect
Load frequency control is always a crucial aspect in delivering quality power in integrated power system. This paper proposes an optimally tuned Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) controller to remove frequency errors caused by unexpected load fluctuations while ensuring tie-line power exchange. Moreover, the threearea power system with non-linearities such as Generation Rate Constraint and Governor Dead Band has been investigated. For tuning the parameters of PID controller Improved Grey Wolf Optimization (IGWO) has been used. The dynamic response of optimized PID controller have been compared with the result obtained from Genetic Algorithm (GA), Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), and Sine Cosine Algorithm (SCA).